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The three largest newspaper companies in Israel— Yedioth Ahronoth , Maariv and Haaretz —are all based within the city limits. The three major Israeli television networks, Israel Broadcasting Authority , Keshet , Reshet , and Channel 10 , are based in the city, as well as two of the most popular radio stations in Israel: Galatz and Galgalatz , which are both based in Jaffa.

Studios of the international news channel i24news is located at Jaffa Port Customs House. Tel Aviv is ranked as the greenest city in Israel.

In the early 21st century, Tel Aviv's municipality transformed a derelict power station into a public park, now named "Gan HaHashmal" "Electricity Park" , paving the way for eco-friendly and environmentally conscious designs.

At the end of the 20th century, the city began restoring historical neighborhoods such as Neve Tzedek and many buildings from the s and s. Since , the city hosts its well-known, annual Open House Tel Aviv weekend, which offers the general public free entrance to the city's famous landmarks, private houses and public buildings.

In , the Sarona Market Complex opened, following an 8-year renovation project of Sarona colony. Tel Aviv is a major transportation hub, served by a comprehensive public transport network, with many major routes of the national transportation network running through the city.

As with the rest of Israel, bus transport is the most common form of public transport and is very widely used.

The city is also served by local and inter-city share taxis. Many local and inter-city bus routes also have sherut taxis that follow the same route and display the same route number in their window.

Fares are standardised within the region and are comparable to or less expensive than bus fares.

Unlike other forms of public transport, these taxis also operate on Fridays and Saturdays the Jewish sabbath "Shabbat".

Private taxis are white with a yellow sign on top. Fares are standardised and metered, but may be negotiated ahead of time with the driver.

The Tel Aviv Central railway station is the main railway station of the city, and the busiest station in Israel.

Jaffa Railway Station was the first railway station in the Middle East. It served as the terminus for the Jaffa—Jerusalem railway.

The station opened in and closed in In —, the station was restored and converted into an entertainment and leisure venue marketed as "HaTachana", Hebrew for "the station" see homepage here: [].

The first line of a light rail system is under construction and scheduled to open in The underground section will include 10 stations, including an interchange with Israel Railways services at Tel Aviv Central Railway Station and the nearby Terminal.

A maintenance depot, connected via a branch line and tunnel to the main section of the line, will be constructed in Kiryat Arye, across from the existing Kiryat Arye suburban railway station.

The intended builder and operator of the first line, MTS, has had financial difficulties that postponed the line's opening.

In May , the ministry of finance decided to cancel the agreement with MTS due to the difficulties and the agreement was cancelled in August Initially, the line's targeted opening was in and today the target is after several postponements due to the disagreements with MTS and NTA's takeover of the project.

The second line is scheduled to open in The main highway leading to and within the city is the Ayalon Highway Highway 20 , which runs in the eastern side of the city from north to south along the Ayalon River riverbed.

Driving north on Ayalon gives access to the Highway 2 coastal road leading to Netanya , Hadera and Haifa. In , the Sadan Report recommended the introduction of a congestion charge similar to that of London in Tel Aviv as well as other Israeli cities.

Under this plan, road users traveling into the city would pay a fixed fee. Tel Aviv Municipality encourages the use of bicycles in the city.

Plans called for expansion of the paths to kilometers In April , Tel Aviv municipality launched Tel-O-Fun , a bicycle sharing system , in which stations of bicycles for rent were installed within the city limits.

Current plans call for the merger to take place in after a few years' preparation. Some officials envision that as part of these mergers, Tel Aviv will become a supercity with several sub-municipalities in the style of Greater London.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Tel Aviv disambiguation. City in Israel. Coat of arms.

Tel Aviv-Yafo. Location of Tel Aviv—Yafo in Israel. See also: Timeline of Tel Aviv and Jaffa. Master plan for the Tel Aviv township by Patrick Geddes , , based on the garden city movement.

Photographs from the Mandatory Palestine period. Play media. This section needs additional citations for verification. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources.

Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Further information: Neighborhoods of Tel Aviv. Main article: Bauhaus.

See also: List of tallest buildings in Tel Aviv. Main article: Transport in Tel Aviv. Main article: Tel Aviv Light Rail. Main category: People from Tel Aviv.

West Jerusalem alone has a population of , The presidential residence, government offices, supreme court and parliament Knesset are located there.

The Palestinian Authority foresees East Jerusalem as the capital of its future state. Countries maintain their embassies in Tel Aviv and its suburbs, or suburbs of Jerusalem, such as Mevaseret Zion.

Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 26 August Tel Aviv: Mythography of a City. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. Melbourne, Oakland and London: Lonely Planet.

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Middle Eastern Studies. In the succeeding years, this question became increasingly to the fore, and demanded a speedy solution. Yet it still wished to maintain its interests in Jaffa.

Most obvious was the desire not to lose the Jewish influence in the Jaffa municipality, as well as reinforcing the clout of the Jews on the municipal council.

At that time it was second in importance in Palestine only to Jerusalem, and was followed by Haifa, Safed and Tiberias. From the closing years of the s, the authorities immersed themselves in the preparation of a new framework for the Municipalities Law, which was intended to replace the Ottoman law.

So as long as the new law was incomplete, the authorities avoided any change in the municipal status of Tel Aviv. That year Tel Aviv gained full municipal independence, becoming a municipal corporation.

Planning Perspectives. Archived from the original PDF on 9 April Retrieved 29 March The Times. Archived from the original on 19 July Retrieved 16 February Tel Aviv: The First Century.

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The Second Aliyah led to further expansion. In , a group of Jews, among them residents of Jaffa, followed the initiative of Akiva Aryeh Weiss and banded together to form the Ahuzat Bayit lit.

One of the society's goals was to form a "Hebrew urban centre in a healthy environment, planned according to the rules of aesthetics and modern hygiene.

On 11 April , 66 Jewish families gathered on a desolate sand dune to parcel out the land by lottery using seashells. This gathering is considered the official date of the establishment of Tel Aviv.

The lottery was organised by Akiva Aryeh Weiss , president of the building society. The members' names were written on the white shells and the plot numbers on the grey shells.

A boy drew names from one box of shells and a girl drew plot numbers from the second box. A photographer, Avraham Soskin, documented the event.

The first water well was later dug at this site, located on what is today Rothschild Boulevard , across from Dizengoff House.

The town was originally named Ahuzat Bayit. On 21 May , the name Tel Aviv was adopted. By , Tel Aviv had grown to more than 1 square kilometre acres.

The orders of evacuation were aimed chiefly at the Jewish population. The town had rapidly become an attraction to immigrants, with a local activist writing: [39].

The immigrants were attracted to Tel Aviv because they found in it all the comforts they were used to in Europe: electric light, water, a little cleanliness, cinema, opera, theatre, and also more or less advanced schools Tel Aviv, along with the rest of the Jaffa municipality, was conquered by the British imperial army in late during the Sinai and Palestine Campaign of World War I and became part of British-administered Mandatory Palestine until Tel Aviv, established as suburb of Jaffa, received "township" or local council status within the Jaffa Municipality in Tel Aviv began to develop as a commercial center.

The opening ceremony of the Jaffa Electric Company powerhouse, on 10 June , celebrated the lighting of the two main streets of Tel Aviv.

In , the Scottish biologist, sociologist, philanthropist and pioneering town planner Patrick Geddes drew up a master plan for Tel Aviv which was adopted by the city council led by Meir Dizengoff.

Geddes's plan for developing the northern part of the district was based on Ebenezer Howard 's garden city movement. Ben Gurion House was built in —31, part of a new workers' housing development.

At the same time, Jewish cultural life was given a boost by the establishment of the Ohel Theatre and the decision of Habima Theatre to make Tel Aviv its permanent base in Tel Aviv was granted the status of an independent municipality separate from Jaffa in The Jewish population rose dramatically during the Fifth Aliyah after the Nazis came to power in Germany.

Within two years, it had reached ,, which was over a third of Palestine's total Jewish population. Friction during the —39 Arab revolt led to the opening of a local Jewish port, Tel Aviv Port , independent of Jaffa, in It closed on 25 October Many German Jewish architects trained at the Bauhaus , the Modernist school of architecture in Germany, and left Germany during the s.

Some, like Arieh Sharon , came to Palestine and adapted the architectural outlook of the Bauhaus and similar schools to the local conditions there, creating what is recognized as the largest concentration of buildings in the International Style in the world.

During the Jewish insurgency in Mandatory Palestine , Jewish Irgun and Lehi guerrillas launched repeated attacks against British military, police, and government targets in the city.

In , following the King David Hotel bombing , the British carried out Operation Shark , in which the entire city was searched for Jewish militants and most of the residents questioned, during which the entire city was placed under curfew.

During the March martial law in Mandatory Palestine , Tel Aviv was placed under martial law by the British authorities for 15 days, with the residents kept under curfew for all but three hours a day as British forces hunted for militants.

In spite of this, Jewish guerrilla attacks continued in Tel Aviv and other areas under martial law in Palestine. Jaffa with, as of , a population of , people—53, Muslims, 30, Jews and 16, Christians—was designated as part of the Arab state.

Civil War broke out in the country and in particular between the neighbouring cities of Tel Aviv and Jaffa, which had been assigned to the Jewish and Arab states respectively.

After several months of siege, on 13 May , Jaffa fell and the Arab population fled en masse. Due to the international dispute over the status of Jerusalem , most embassies remained in or near Tel Aviv.

The boundaries of Tel Aviv and Jaffa became a matter of contention between the Tel Aviv municipality and the Israeli government in Tel Aviv thus grew to 42 square kilometers In the s, some of the older buildings were demolished, making way for the country's first high-rises.

The historic Herzliya Hebrew Gymnasium was controversially demolished, to make way for the Shalom Meir Tower , which was completed in , and remained Israel's tallest building until By the early s, Tel Aviv had entered a long and steady period of continuous population decline, which was accompanied by urban decay.

By , Tel Aviv had entered not just natural population decline, but an absolute population decline as well.

A mass out-migration of residents from Tel Aviv, to adjoining cities like Petah Tikva and Rehovot , where better housing conditions were available, was underway by the beginning of the s, and only accelerated by the Yom Kippur War.

Will it become a ghost town? By the late s, attitudes to the city's future had become markedly more optimistic. It had also become a center of nightlife and discotheques for Israelis who lived in the suburbs and adjoining cities.

The largest project built in this era was the Dizengoff Center , Israel's first shopping mall, which was completed in Other notable projects included the construction of Marganit Tower in , the opening of the Suzanne Dellal Center for Dance and Theater in , and the Tel Aviv Cinematheque opened in and located to the current building in In the s, the decline in Tel Aviv's population began to be reversed and stabilized, at first temporarily due to a wave of immigrants from the former Soviet Union.

In , Tel Aviv was categorized as a world city. However, the city's municipality struggled to cope with an influx of new immigrants. Tel Aviv's tax base had been shrinking for many years, as a result of its preceding long term population decline, and this meant there was little money available at the time to invest in the city's deteriorating infrastructure and housing.

On 4 November , Israel's prime minister, Yitzhak Rabin , was assassinated at a rally in Tel Aviv in support of the Oslo peace accord.

The outdoor plaza where this occurred, formerly known as Kikar Malchei Yisrael, was renamed Rabin Square. In the early s, Tel Aviv municipality focused on attracting more young residents to the city.

It made significant investment in major boulevards, to create attractive pedestrian corridors. Former industrial areas like the city's previously derelict Northern Tel Aviv Port and the Jaffa railway station , were upgraded and transformed into leisure areas.

A process of gentrification began in some of the poor neighborhoods of southern Tel Aviv and many older buildings began to be renovated.

The demographic profile of the city changed in the s, as it began to attract a higher proportion of young residents. By , 28 percent of the city's population was aged between 20—34 years old.

Between —, the city's population growth averaged 6. In the s and early s, Tel Aviv received tens of thousands of illegal immigrants, primarily from Sudan and Eritrea , [67] changing the demographic profile of areas of the city.

In , Tel Aviv celebrated its official centennial. These include the History section of the official Tel Aviv-Yafo Centennial Year website; [68] the Ahuzat Bayit collection, which focuses on the founding families of Tel Aviv, and includes photographs and biographies; [69] and Stanford University 's Eliasaf Robinson Tel Aviv Collection , [70] documenting the history of the city.

Today, the city is regarded as a strong candidate for global city status. Iraq hoped to provoke an Israeli military response, which could have destroyed the US—Arab alliance.

The United States pressured Israel not to retaliate, and after Israel acquiesced, the US and Netherlands rushed Patriot missiles to defend against the attacks, but they proved largely ineffective.

Tel Aviv and other Israeli cities continued to be hit by Scuds throughout the war, and every city in the Tel Aviv area except for Bnei Brak was hit.

A total of 74 Israelis died as a result of the Iraqi attacks, mostly from suffocation and heart attacks, [72] while approximately Israelis were injured.

It was feared that Iraq would fire missiles filled with nerve agents or sarin. As a result, the Israeli government issued gas masks to its citizens. When the first Iraqi missiles hit Israel, some people injected themselves with an antidote for nerve gas.

The inhabitants of the southeastern suburb of HaTikva erected an angel-monument as a sign of their gratitude that "it was through a great miracle, that many people were preserved from being killed by a direct hit of a Scud rocket.

The first suicide attack in Tel Aviv occurred on 19 October , on the Line 5 bus , when a bomber killed 22 civilians and injured 50 as part of a Hamas suicide campaign.

In the Mike's Place suicide bombing , an attack on a bar by a British Muslim suicide bomber resulted in the deaths of three civilians and wounded over Another attack took place on 29 August in which a Palestinian attacker stole an Israeli taxi cab and rammed it into a police checkpoint guarding the popular Haoman 17 nightclub in Tel Aviv which was filled with 2, [95] Israeli teenagers.

After crashing, the assailant went on a stabbing spree, injuring eight people. On 21 November , during Operation Pillar of Defense , the Tel Aviv area was targeted by rockets, and air raid sirens were sounded in the city for the first time since the Gulf War.

All of the rockets either missed populated areas or were shot down by an Iron Dome rocket defense battery stationed near the city.

During the operation, a bomb blast on a bus wounded at least 28 civilians, three seriously. Immediately north of the ancient port of Jaffa, Tel Aviv lies on land that used to be sand dunes and as such has relatively poor soil fertility.

The land has been flattened and has no important gradients; its most notable geographical features are bluffs above the Mediterranean coastline and the Yarkon River mouth.

Southern Tel Aviv is considered less affluent than northern Tel Aviv with the exception of Neve Tzedek and northern and north-western Jaffa.

Tel Aviv has a Mediterranean climate Köppen climate classification : Csa , [] and enjoys plenty of sunshine throughout the year.

Most precipitation falls in the form of rain between the months of October and April, with intervening dry summers.

The average annual temperature is The city averages millimeters Summers in Tel Aviv last about five months, from June to October. August, the warmest month, averages a high of The high relative humidity due to the location of the city by the Mediterranean Sea, in a combination with the high temperatures, creates a thermal discomfort during the summer.

Winters are mild and wet, with most of the annual precipitation falling within the months of December, January and February as intense rainfall and thunderstorms.

In January, the coolest month, the average maximum temperature is Both freezing temperatures and snowfall are extremely rare in the city.

Autumns and springs are characterized by sharp temperature changes, with heat waves that might be created due to hot and dry air masses that arrive from the nearby deserts.

The highest recorded temperature in Tel Aviv was Tel Aviv is governed by a member city council elected for a five-year term in direct proportional elections.

All Israeli citizens over the age of 18 with at least one year of residence in Tel Aviv are eligible to vote in municipal elections.

The municipality is responsible for social services, community programs, public infrastructure, urban planning, tourism and other local affairs.

Ron Huldai has been mayor of Tel Aviv since Politically, Tel Aviv is known to be a stronghold for the left, in both local and national issues.

The left wing vote is especially prevalent in the city's mostly affluent central and northern neighborhoods, though not the case for its working-class southeastern neighborhoods which tend to vote for right wing parties in national elections.

Following the municipal elections, Meretz gained an unprecedented 6 seats on the council. However, having been reelected as mayor, Huldai and the Tel Aviv 1 list lead the coalition, which controls 29 of 31 seats.

A new elementary school is planned north of Sde Dov as well as a new high school in northern Tel Aviv. The first Hebrew high school, called Herzliya Hebrew Gymnasium , was established in Jaffa in and moved to Tel Aviv after its founding in , where a new campus on Herzl Street was constructed for it.

Tel Aviv University , the largest university in Israel, is known internationally for its physics , computer science , chemistry and linguistics departments.

Together with Bar-Ilan University in neighboring Ramat Gan , the student population numbers over 50,, including a sizeable international community.

Jews of all backgrounds form According to some estimates, about 50, unregistered African and Asian foreign workers live in the city. Tel Aviv's population reached a peak in the early s at around ,, falling to , in the late s as high property prices forced families out and deterred young couples from moving in.

The population is expected to reach , by ; meanwhile, the average age of residents fell from Tel Aviv has active synagogues, [] including historic buildings such as the Great Synagogue , established in the s.

The remaining 5 percent were not classified by religion. Tel Aviv is an ethnically diverse city. There are also a sizable number of Ethiopian Jews and their descendants living in Tel Aviv.

In addition to Muslim and Arab Christian minorities in the city, several hundred Armenian Christians who reside in the city are concentrated mainly in Jaffa and some Christians from the former Soviet Union who immigrated to Israel with Jewish spouses and relatives.

In recent years, Tel Aviv has received many non-Jewish migrants from Asia and Africa, students, foreign workers documented and undocumented and refugees.

There are many economic migrants and refugees from African countries, primarily Eritrea and Sudan , located in the southern part of the city.

Tel Aviv is divided into nine districts that have formed naturally over the city's short history. The oldest of these is Jaffa, the ancient port city out of which Tel Aviv grew.

This area is traditionally made up demographically of a greater percentage of Arabs, but recent gentrification is replacing them with a young professional and artist population.

Similar processes are occurring in nearby Neve Tzedek , the original Jewish neighborhood outside of Jaffa. Ramat Aviv , a district in the northern part of the city that is largely made up of luxury apartments and includes Tel Aviv University , is currently undergoing extensive expansion and is set to absorb the beachfront property of Sde Dov Airport after its decommissioning.

Moreover, in the past few years, Rothschild Boulevard which is located at beginning in Neve Tzedek had become an attraction both of tourist, businesses and startups.

It features a wide, tree-lined central strip with pedestrian and bike lanes. Historically, there was a demographic split between the Ashkenazi northern side of the city, including the district of Ramat Aviv, and the southern, more Sephardi and Mizrahi neighborhoods including Neve Tzedek and Florentin.

Since the s, major restoration and gentrification projects have been implemented in southern Tel Aviv.

The municipality invested two million shekels in the project. The goal was to make Florentin the Soho of Tel Aviv, and attract artists and young professionals to the neighborhood.

Indeed, street artists, such as Dede , installation artists such as Sigalit Landau , and many others made the upbeat neighborhood their home base.

Tel Aviv is home to different architectural styles that represent influential periods in its history. The early architecture of Tel Aviv consisted largely of European-style single-story houses with red-tiled roofs.

Two- and three-story buildings were interspersed with boulevards and public parks. Bauhaus architecture was introduced in the s and s by German Jewish architects who settled in Palestine after the rise of the Nazis.

Before legislation to preserve this landmark architecture, many of the old buildings were demolished. Efforts are under way to refurbish Bauhaus buildings and restore them to their original condition.

The Shalom Meir Tower , Israel's first skyscraper, was built in Tel Aviv in and remained the country's tallest building until At the time of its construction, the building rivaled Europe's tallest buildings in height, and was the tallest in the Middle East.

In the mids, the construction of skyscrapers began throughout the entire city, altering its skyline. Before that, Tel Aviv had had a generally low-rise skyline.

Other districts, such as Sarona , have been developed with office towers. Pei , Donald Trump , and Richard Meier. The tallest building approved is the Egged Tower, which would become Israel's tallest building upon completion.

In , the Tel Aviv Municipality's Planning and Construction Committee launched a new master plan for the city for It decided not to allow the construction of any additional skyscrapers in the city center, while at the same time greatly increasing the construction of skyscrapers in the east.

It did not extend to towers already under construction or approved. One final proposed skyscraper project was approved, while dozens of others had to be scrapped.

Any new buildings there will usually not be allowed to rise above six and a half stories. However, hotel towers along almost the entire beachfront will be allowed to rise up to 25 stories.

According to the plan, large numbers of skyscrapers and high-rise buildings at least 18 stories tall would be built in the entire area between Ibn Gabirol Street and the eastern city limits, as part of the master plan's goal of doubling the city's office space to cement Tel Aviv as the business capital of Israel.

Under the plan, "forests" of corporate skyscrapers will line both sides of the Ayalon Highway. Further south, skyscrapers rising up to 40 stories will be built along the old Ottoman railway between Neve Tzedek and Florentine , with the first such tower there being the Neve Tzedek Tower.

Along nearby Shlavim Street, passing between Jaffa and south Tel Aviv, office buildings up to 25 stories will line both sides of the street, which will be widened to accommodate traffic from the city's southern entrance to the center.

In November , it was announced that to encourage investment in the city's architecture, residential towers throughout Tel Aviv would be extended in height.

Buildings in Jaffa and the southern and eastern districts may have two and a half stories added, while those on Ibn Gabirol Street might be extended by seven and a half stories.

Tel Aviv has been ranked as the twenty-fifth most important financial center in the world. A small port was built at the Yarkon estuary, and many cafes, clubs and cinemas opened.

Herzl Street became a commercial thoroughfare at this time. Economic activities account for 17 percent of the GDP. Since then, high-tech industry in the Tel Aviv area has continued to develop.

For example, the Tel Aviv Stock Exchange was higher on the last day of both the Lebanon war and the Operation in Gaza than on the first day of fighting [] Many international venture-capital firms, scientific research institutes and high-tech companies are headquartered in the city.

Industries in Tel Aviv include chemical processing, textile plants and food manufacturers. Tel Aviv was ranked as an alpha- world city.

The Kiryat Atidim high tech zone opened in and the city has become a major world high tech hub.

In December , the city was ranked second on a list of top places to found a high tech startup company , just behind Silicon Valley.

According to Forbes , nine of its fifteen Israeli-born billionaires live in Israel; four live in Tel Aviv and its suburbs. According to Mercer , a human resources consulting firm based in New York, as of [update] Tel Aviv is the most expensive city in the Middle East and the 19th most expensive in the world.

Tel Aviv is a major center of culture and entertainment. Habima Theatre , Israel's national theatre, was closed down for renovations in early , and reopened in November after major remodeling.

Enav Cultural Center is one of the newer additions to the cultural scene. In Jaffa, the Simta and Notzar theatres specialize in fringe as well.

Tel Aviv is home to the Batsheva Dance Company , a world-famous contemporary dance troupe. The Israeli Ballet is also based in Tel Aviv.

The city has several multiplex cinemas. Tel Aviv receives about 2. Tel Aviv is known as "the city that never sleeps" and a "party capital" due to its thriving nightlife , young atmosphere and famous hour culture.

It is home to many museums, architectural and cultural sites, with city tours available in different languages.

The beaches of Tel Aviv and the city's promenade play a major role in the city's cultural and touristic scene, often ranked as some of the best beaches in the world.

Tel Aviv is an international hub of highly active and diverse nightlife with bars, dance bars and nightclubs staying open well past midnight.

The largest area for nightclubs is the Tel Aviv port, where the city's large, commercial clubs and bars draw big crowds of young clubbers from both Tel Aviv and neighboring cities.

The South of Tel Aviv is known for the popular Haoman 17 club, as well as for being the city's main hub of alternative clubbing, with underground venues including established clubs like the Block Club, Comfort 13 and Paradise Garage, as well as various warehouse and loft party venues.

In , Absolut Vodka introduced a specially designed bottle dedicated to Tel Aviv as part of its international cities series.

Tel Aviv has become an international center of fashion and design. The city hosts its well-known pride parade , the biggest in Asia, attracting over , people yearly.

Tel Aviv is famous for its wide variety of world-class restaurants, offering traditional Israeli dishes as well as international fare.

Israel has the highest number of museums per capita of any country, with three of the largest located in Tel Aviv. Housed on the campus of Tel Aviv University is Beth Hatefutsoth , a museum of the international Jewish diaspora that tells the story of Jewish prosperity and persecution throughout the centuries of exile.

Right next to Charles Clore Park is a museum of the Etzel. Many offbeat museums and galleries operate in the southern areas, including the Tel Aviv Raw Art contemporary art gallery.

Tel Aviv is the only city with three clubs in Israeli Premier League , the country's top football league. Yael Arad , an athlete in Maccabi's judo club, won a silver medal in the Olympic Games.

Bnei Yehuda once Israeli champion, twice State Cup winners and twice Toto Cup winner is the only Israeli football team in the top division that represents a neighborhood, the Hatikva Quarter in Tel Aviv, and not a city.

Shimshon Tel Aviv and Beitar Tel Aviv both formerly played in the top division, but dropped into the lower leagues, and merged in , the new club now playing in Liga Artzit , the third tier.

Two rowing clubs operate in Tel Aviv. In , the Tel Aviv Marathon was revived after a fifteen-year hiatus, and is run annually since, attracting a field of over 18, runners.

The three largest newspaper companies in Israel— Yedioth Ahronoth , Maariv and Haaretz —are all based within the city limits.

The three major Israeli television networks, Israel Broadcasting Authority , Keshet , Reshet , and Channel 10 , are based in the city, as well as two of the most popular radio stations in Israel: Galatz and Galgalatz , which are both based in Jaffa.

Studios of the international news channel i24news is located at Jaffa Port Customs House. Tel Aviv is ranked as the greenest city in Israel.

In the early 21st century, Tel Aviv's municipality transformed a derelict power station into a public park, now named "Gan HaHashmal" "Electricity Park" , paving the way for eco-friendly and environmentally conscious designs.

At the end of the 20th century, the city began restoring historical neighborhoods such as Neve Tzedek and many buildings from the s and s.

Since , the city hosts its well-known, annual Open House Tel Aviv weekend, which offers the general public free entrance to the city's famous landmarks, private houses and public buildings.

In , the Sarona Market Complex opened, following an 8-year renovation project of Sarona colony. Tel Aviv is a major transportation hub, served by a comprehensive public transport network, with many major routes of the national transportation network running through the city.

As with the rest of Israel, bus transport is the most common form of public transport and is very widely used. The city is also served by local and inter-city share taxis.

Many local and inter-city bus routes also have sherut taxis that follow the same route and display the same route number in their window.

Fares are standardised within the region and are comparable to or less expensive than bus fares. Unlike other forms of public transport, these taxis also operate on Fridays and Saturdays the Jewish sabbath "Shabbat".

Private taxis are white with a yellow sign on top. Fares are standardised and metered, but may be negotiated ahead of time with the driver. The Tel Aviv Central railway station is the main railway station of the city, and the busiest station in Israel.

Jaffa Railway Station was the first railway station in the Middle East. It served as the terminus for the Jaffa—Jerusalem railway.

The station opened in and closed in In —, the station was restored and converted into an entertainment and leisure venue marketed as "HaTachana", Hebrew for "the station" see homepage here: [].

The first line of a light rail system is under construction and scheduled to open in The underground section will include 10 stations, including an interchange with Israel Railways services at Tel Aviv Central Railway Station and the nearby Terminal.

A maintenance depot, connected via a branch line and tunnel to the main section of the line, will be constructed in Kiryat Arye, across from the existing Kiryat Arye suburban railway station.

The intended builder and operator of the first line, MTS, has had financial difficulties that postponed the line's opening. In May , the ministry of finance decided to cancel the agreement with MTS due to the difficulties and the agreement was cancelled in August Initially, the line's targeted opening was in and today the target is after several postponements due to the disagreements with MTS and NTA's takeover of the project.

The second line is scheduled to open in The main highway leading to and within the city is the Ayalon Highway Highway 20 , which runs in the eastern side of the city from north to south along the Ayalon River riverbed.

Driving north on Ayalon gives access to the Highway 2 coastal road leading to Netanya , Hadera and Haifa. In , the Sadan Report recommended the introduction of a congestion charge similar to that of London in Tel Aviv as well as other Israeli cities.

Under this plan, road users traveling into the city would pay a fixed fee. Tel Aviv Municipality encourages the use of bicycles in the city.

Plans called for expansion of the paths to kilometers In April , Tel Aviv municipality launched Tel-O-Fun , a bicycle sharing system , in which stations of bicycles for rent were installed within the city limits.

Current plans call for the merger to take place in after a few years' preparation. Some officials envision that as part of these mergers, Tel Aviv will become a supercity with several sub-municipalities in the style of Greater London.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Tel Aviv disambiguation. City in Israel. Coat of arms. Tel Aviv-Yafo.

Location of Tel Aviv—Yafo in Israel. See also: Timeline of Tel Aviv and Jaffa. Master plan for the Tel Aviv township by Patrick Geddes , , based on the garden city movement.

Photographs from the Mandatory Palestine period. Play media. This section needs additional citations for verification.

Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Further information: Neighborhoods of Tel Aviv.

Main article: Bauhaus. See also: List of tallest buildings in Tel Aviv. Main article: Transport in Tel Aviv. Main article: Tel Aviv Light Rail.

Main category: People from Tel Aviv. West Jerusalem alone has a population of , The presidential residence, government offices, supreme court and parliament Knesset are located there.

The Palestinian Authority foresees East Jerusalem as the capital of its future state. Countries maintain their embassies in Tel Aviv and its suburbs, or suburbs of Jerusalem, such as Mevaseret Zion.

Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 26 August Tel Aviv: Mythography of a City. Stanford, California: Stanford University Press. Melbourne, Oakland and London: Lonely Planet.

Brookings Institution. Archived from the original on 5 June Retrieved 18 November Retrieved 8 May Cost of living survey News guardian. Retrieved 6 November The Times of Israel.

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